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Oh, where to start? Why do I love fermenting my own pickles so much? Is it because of the probiotics, enzymes and enhanced vitamins? Or because cucumbers are in season, and I can capture a bushel of those pretty bright green fruits to enjoy all year long? Maybe because I’m a frugal DIYer? Or am I most captured by the nostalgia – knowing that for thousands of years this is how humankind commonly preserved food, before the modern innovations of canning and refrigeration.

Regardless, whether you’re a health-enthusiast or homesteader, a penny pincher or lover-of-history, I can’t imagine a reason not to try making your own pickles this summer! The good news is that this time-honored practiced is simple and doesn’t require any special equipment. Here is what you’ll need:

  • Cucumbers. Select small, firm cucumbers. Any variety will work, but those specifically identified as “pickling cucumbers” are well suited for preserving. I recommend visiting your farmer’s market – besides offering you the freshest, healthiest, most local food, it’s likely that any small, pickle-sized cucumbers being sold in large quantities are an appropriate variety. You’ll need about 2 pounds of cucumbers per quart.


  • Dill and Garlic. A couple flower heads or 3-4 sprigs of fresh dill and 2-3 cloves of garlic (per quart) will give you that yummy kosher pickle taste. But feel free to experiment with other flavors – throw in mustard seed, peppercorns, red chili flakes, horseradish and more!
  • Salt. You’ll want a salt that is free of iodine and anti-caking agents, which can interfere with the micro-organisms that go to work in the fermentation process. A great choice is sea salt or Himalayan salt.
  • Tannins. A tannin is an organic compound that serves to help keep your cucumbers crisp as they ferment. You can add this important ingredient to your batch of pickles by throwing in a couple oak, grape or horseradish leaves, or a teaspoon of black loose leaf tea (per quart of pickles).
  • Glass Jars. The recipe below is for one quart of pickles, in which case a quart-sized mason jar or saved glass jar from another food (like store-bought pickles, spaghetti sauce, etc.) works well. However, feel free to double the recipe and use half-gallon jars, which may be more efficient if you’re processing a lot of cucumbers.
  • Pint Glasses/Small Jars. An important part of fermentation is to create an anaerobic environment by keeping the food completely submerged. I have found that the easiest way to do this is to place a smaller glass or jar in the mouth of the vessel you’re fermenting your pickles in.
  • Water. Use water as free from contaminants and chemicals as you can, as these can interfere with the fermentation process. Spring water, filtered water, or even pre-boiled water are all good options.

Once you have all your items gathered, you’re ready to make pickles! Keep in mind that the cucumbers will need to ferment for 1-2 weeks before they’re ready to eat. Feel free to sample them along the way until they’re to your liking (being sure to use a clean utensil to avoid contamination).

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Whether you're a health-enthusiast, homesteader, or penny pincher, I can't imagine a reason not to try making your own pickles this summer!

Course: Snack
Dietary Need: candida diet, gluten-free
  • 2 tablespoons salt
  • 1- quart water
  • 2 Flower heads fresh dill or 3-4 sprigs
  • 3 Cloves garlic
  • 1 teaspoon loose leaf black tea or 2 oak, grape or horseradish leaves
  • 2 lb small cucumbers 1-3 inches long
  1. Prepare a basic brine by dissolving the 2 Tbsp. salt in 1 quart of water. It helps to heat 1 cup of the water, dissolve the salt in it, and then add 3 cups of cold water to cool it down. Do not use hot water with the cucumbers, as it may kill the beneficial microbes that will help get the fermentation process going.

    2. Add the garlic, dill and any other flavoring you want to a 1 quart jar. Also add your looseleaf black tea or grape, horseradish or oak leaves (literally from a tree in your yard is fine, as long as it is not treated chemically).

    3. Wash your cucumbers and trim off the blossom end of each cucumber. Pack your jar as tightly as possible with the cucumbers, leaving a couple inches headspace at the top of the jar. Once the cucumbers are in, fill the jar with your prepared brine to cover the cucumbers by about an inch, leaving an inch or two of headspace.

    4. Place your pint glass or small jar in the opening of your quart-sized jar and press down until the cucumbers are completely submerged. Some overflow is ok, and you may want to place the jar on a small dish or towel to catch additional overflow that might occur during the fermentation process.

    5. Let the jar sit in a cool place for 1-2 weeks. There won't be much activity in the first day or so, but soon you will notice the brine becoming cloudy and whitish, you will see fizzing, and you will notice a sour pickle smell starting to develop. These are all good signs that your ferment is active and healthy.

    6. When the cucumbers are to your liking (taste testing is encouraged!), refrigerate or store in a root cellar or very cool basement. The cooler the storage, the longer the cucumbers will last before getting soft and unpalatable. But as long as there isn't mold growing or strange colors or smells, they are good to eat!

If you’d like to learn more about the benefits of fermentation, or try fermenting other vegetables, check out these posts on fermented green beans, carrot stickskimchi, and sauerkraut! Happy fermenting!


Melissa lives in Minnesota with her husband James and three small children. She enjoys staying home with her kids, who join in on favorite activities like gardening, hiking, and cooking and concocting from scratch. Although Melissa worked in public relations before having a family, her love of growing started as a child in the garden by her father's side. Now, her "dream job" would be related to agriculture - whether preserving heirloom seeds from around the world, starting a CSA (community supported agriculture), or advocating for affordable access to real food for all people. For now, she is happy to dabble in it all and share what she learns at Whole Food Homestead.

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    2 replies to "Fermented Pickles"

    • MPaula

      Do I really need 2 horseradish leaves? They are huge compared to grape and oak leaves, but maybe they don’t have as much tannin. I don’t know. I have horseradish in the backyard so I can certainly use 2 if necessary.

      • Melissa

        I’m so sorry for the delayed reply! The amount of leaves is rather arbitrary, as they come in all different sizes. If it’s an extra large leaf, weather horseradish or grape, it’s fine to use fewer. What did you end up doing? How did it turn out?

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